Henri Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter and printmaker who was born on November 24, 1864 in Albi, France. He was born into a wealthy family, but his mother was a distant cousin of the painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. His parents separated when he was a young boy, and he was raised by his grandmother.
Toulouse-Lautrec was a sickly child, and suffered from various health problems, including a genetic bone disorder that stunted his growth and left him with a deformity in his legs. As a result, he was never able to walk normally, and spent most of his life in a wheelchair.
Despite his physical challenges, Toulouse-Lautrec was a talented artist from a young age, and began studying art at the age of 13. He was heavily influenced by the Impressionist movement, and his paintings and prints are known for their vibrant colors and exaggerated forms.
Toulouse-Lautrec is best known for his portrayals of Parisian nightlife, particularly the cabaret and music hall scenes. He was a regular at the Moulin Rouge and other famous Parisian nightclubs, and his paintings and posters of these scenes are among his most famous works.
Toulouse-Lautrec died on September 9, 1901 at the age of 36. His work continues to be highly regarded and is exhibited in museums around the world.